Mediterranean tortoise

Scientific name

The Mediterranean turtle is scientifically known as Testudo hermanni.


It belongs to the family Testudinidae, which includes the tortoises.

Distribution and Habitat

Testudo hermanni is found in various regions of the Mediterranean, including southern Europe and some areas of North Africa. It inhabits dry, rocky habitats, such as scrublands, grasslands and vegetated slopes.

Behaviour: These tortoises are primarily terrestrial and spend much of their time on land. They are known for their slow and cautious behaviour. When threatened, they may retract their limbs and head into their shell to protect themselves.

Feeding Habits

Testudo hermanni are herbivorous and feed primarily on a vegetarian diet. They consume a variety of plants, including herbs, flowers, fruits and green leafy vegetation.


Reproduction of these tortoises generally occurs in the spring and early summer. Females lay eggs in nests dug in the ground. After incubation, hatchlings emerge and are independent from birth.

It is important to note that some subspecies of Testudo hermanni are endangered due to habitat loss and illegal capture for the pet trade. Conservation of these turtles and protection of their habitats are essential for their survival.