Collared snake

Scientific name

The collared cobra is scientifically known as Naja naja.


It belongs to the family Elapidae, which includes other venomous snakes, such as sea snakes and cobras.

Distribution and Habitat

The collared cobra is found in various parts of Asia, including the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia and some areas of Sri Lanka. It inhabits a variety of habitats, from tropical rainforests to urban areas. Often found near water, such as rice paddies and wetlands.


Collared cobras are known for their defensive behaviour and their ability to raise their necks in a “collar” when they feel threatened. This behaviour is a warning to potential predators or intruders. They are generally solitary and nocturnal snakes, which means they are most active at night.

Feeding habits Collared cobras are carnivorous and feed mainly on other reptiles, such as frogs, lizards and other snakes. Their venom paralyses their prey, allowing them to swallow them whole.


Reproduction of collared cobras involves egg-laying. Females lay their eggs in nests that they build on land or in sheltered locations. After incubation, the young hatch and are independent from birth.

It is important to note that the collared cobra is a venomous snake and its bite can be dangerous to humans. If you encounter a collared cobra, it is important to keep your distance and not attempt to interact with it, as they are defensive snakes and may attack if they feel threatened.