Common kestrel

Scientific name

The common kestrel is scientifically known as Falco tinnunculus.


It belongs to the family Falconidae, which includes various birds of prey such as falcons and eagles.


Common kestrels are found in a wide variety of habitats in Europe, Asia and Africa. They have also been introduced to some regions of North America. They are migratory birds in some areas and resident in others.


Common kestrels are small, agile birds of prey. They are known to hover over open fields while searching for prey. They are usually solitary or form monogamous pairs during the breeding season.

Feeding Habits

They feed mainly on small mammals, such as mice and voles, as well as insects, especially beetles and grasshoppers. They use their keen eyesight to detect prey from the air.


Common kestrels usually breed in spring. They build nests in natural cavities or in human structures, such as buildings and bell towers. Females lay 3 to 6 eggs, which they incubate for about a month. Both parents participate in feeding the chicks until they are independent enough to fly and hunt on their own.