Holm oak

Scientific name

The holm oak is scientifically known as Quercus ilex.


It belongs to the family Fagaceae, which includes other tree species such as oaks.


The holm oak is an evergreen tree that can grow to heights of 20 to 25 metres. Its leaves are leathery, oval and dark green on the upper part, with a lighter shade on the lower part. The trunk is robust and has a thick, rough bark. Its fruits, called acorns, are small nuts contained in a dome.


The holm oak is found in various regions of Europe, North Africa and Southwest Asia. It is particularly common in the Iberian Peninsula and southern France. It is widely adapted to different soil types and climatic conditions.


The holm oak has historically been important for humans. Its acorns have been used as feed for pigs in some regions and have also been processed into acorn meal. Holm oak wood is valued for its hardness and durability, and is used in the manufacture of furniture, barrels, flooring and other wood products. In addition, holm oak plays an important ecological role in forests and is essential for the conservation of biodiversity in its habitat.