New measures to contain and eradicate Xylella in Europe

The Official Journal of the European Union (DUE) has published the new Regulation on measures for the containment and eradication of Xylella fastidiosa in Europe, whose objective is to prevent its introduction and guarantee its containment. This new Regulation replaces the previous ones, which were based on the latest research by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).

As reflected by Olimerca, among the measures, in force since last August 20, is the reduction of the radius of the eradication zone from 100 to 50 meters, a measure that divides the area affected by the uptake by four. In addition, the associated buffer zone has also been halved, aimed at preventing the spread of the bacteria to unaffected areas.

In order to eradicate the specified pest and prevent its spread to the rest of the Union, Member States must establish demarcated areas consisting of an infected zone and a buffer zone, and apply eradication measures. The width of the buffer zones must be proportional to the level of risk and the ability of the vector to spread.

However, in cases of isolated occurrence of the specified pest, the establishment of a demarcated area will not be required if the pest can be eliminated from newly introduced plants on which it has been detected. This will be the most proportionate approach when surveys in the affected area lead to the conclusion that the specified pest is not established.

In order to ensure the immediate removal of infected plants and to prevent the spread of the specified pest in the rest of the Union territory, the control of the demarcated areas should be carried out annually at the most appropriate time of the year.

Monitoring should also focus on vectors present in the demarcated area to determine the risk of their further spread and to assess the effectiveness of phytosanitary control measures applied to the vector population at all stages.

The almond tree grown under localized irrigation shows rapid growth, early production and good yields.

The intensively cultivated almond tree with localized irrigation shows rapid growth, early production and good yields in kilos of seeds, according to the first results of three projects carried out at the Torre Pacheco Integrated Center for Agricultural Training and Experiences (Cifea).

In view of the data obtained, and taking into account the prices of recent years, the almond tree can be considered in these cultivation conditions as an alternative to others such as vegetables or citrus fruits, due to its lower needs for water, fertilizer, phytosanitary and manpower.

The objective of these studies, in charge of the Ministry of Water, Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, is to replace other crops with higher consumption of water, fertilizers and phytosanitary products in Campo de Cartagena.

The first project, starting in 2010, aims to verify the adaptation in this region of the Marinada, Vairo, Constantí, Soleta, Belona, ​​Lauranne, Carrero and Coloraba varieties on the GF-677 hybrid rootstock. In 2017, the Penta varieties were also introduced and Makako.

The second project, starting in 2017, consists of a demonstration plot of 1,700 square meters of free almond seed pattern, which aims to verify the virtues attributed to it of having a more pivoting and deeper root system, greater resistance to drought and to the attack of the bollworm, perfect affinity between the rootstock and the variety, low cost and easy to obtain.

The third project, also started in 2017, consists of a 1,300-square-meter plot of high-density, direct-seeded almond trees, with the aim of verifying the technical and economic viability of this plantation system, which obtains fruit from the wall or living fence- bearing, with plantation frames of 4-3.5m x 1.5-1 meters.


In the sixth year of harvest, the highest productivity was obtained with the Constantí varieties, which reach 14kg of grain per tree, followed by Marinada and Bellona, ​​with 13.1kg, figures that at full production amount to 3,000kg. /ha of grain and confirm it as a fully competitive crop, with less water consumption than citrus and horticultural crops.

The Ministry will carry out awareness-raising activities with farmers and technicians interested in visiting and evaluating these plots in the coming years, according to the department headed by Miguel Ángel del Amor.

This initiative is co-financed by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (FEADER), the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food and the Ministry of Water, Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries.


The world's olive grove protects against CO2

The olive grove has been a well-kept forest for more than 2,000 years. It is a very important part of the solution to climate change and is a good barrier against desertification.

This very special forest of olive trees is a CO2 trap because it takes the CO” from the atmosphere and fixes it in the ground. In the production of one liter of olive oil, olive trees remove 10 kg of CO2 from the atmosphere. Olive oil is good for health and for the environment.



Almond Market: Present and Future


Almond plantations have had a strong increase in our country in the last 4 years. In fact, some players in this market consider that a "boom" has occurred and that, as has happened in other crops or even in other areas of the economy, it could explode at any time. Explaining the reason for this growth can be defined with one

  • Cost effectiveness.
  • Almond price.
  • Knowledge of better cultivation techniques and management of the almond tree.

The questions that arise at the moment in which we find ourselves are the following: Are these prices sustainable in the short/medium term? California controls the world production of almonds since its production represents 80% followed by Australia with 7% and Spain with 4%.

In California, the value of almonds represents more than 5,000 million dollars for farmers, being the third product in production value behind milk and table grapes. Therefore, to talk about prices, we must analyze it from the point of view of the American almond, and, therefore, we can say that its production, processing, packaging and marketing costs should be the basis for establishing the price of the almond in the global market.

Since the beginning of 2015, when we had a spectacular increase in the price of almonds, the market trend has returned to the range of $2.20/lb (€4.60/kg) – 2 $.70/lb (€5.60/kg). Between that price range the actors are comfortable. We must not forget that the almond is a substitute product, it is not a basic necessity, and therefore an increase in price causes a drop in consumption. Are they a consequence of greater demand or specific market situations? The production of nuts worldwide has been growing in recent years, with almonds being the one that has increased the most.

The almond is the dried fruit that is most consumed and therefore it is also the one that suffers the most tension in price. Any sensation of supply or demand very quickly influences the behavior of this. Therefore, speculation is a determining factor in our market. The news that emerged during the first months of 2015 caused the offer to shrink and, therefore, prices to increase. Given this situation, the logical thing is that the demand would have stopped and the market would have returned to seek its balance.

However, during that period other macroeconomic factors occurred, such as the strengthening of the dollar against the euro, the financial tension in the Asian continent, to name a few, and this made importing American almonds increasingly expensive. At this juncture another variable also appeared that also had a positive influence on the price of almonds: THE NEW CONSUMERS.

Year after year the almond is entering the shopping basket of more people. Consuming almonds is healthy and today the consumer is aware of it. But, at high prices, what consumer can incorporate almonds into their diet? The highest per capita income.

Will the market be capable of assuming the productions of the new plantations? YES. The market will assume the new productions thanks to the fact that it has been preparing for it for years. It is expected to increase world production by more than 25%. I do not want to speculate with the estimates, since these may be more or less optimistic. What we can analyze is the consumption of almonds worldwide.

The largest consumer of almonds is Spain, with a consumption of 1.5kg/person/year, and the country that consumes the least is China with 0.02kg/person/year. The global average per capita consumption in 2016 was 0.16kg/person/year. We must also analyze the marketing work that the US has been doing for years promoting the almond. Specific marketing campaigns for each country involving movie stars, athletes, renowned chefs, etc., launching clear messages to specific targets. All this work has meant that year after year the demand grows evenly, and even, at times, more than the supply.

Is it still an opportunity to plant almond trees? The production costs of the Spanish almond are lower than those of the American almond, mainly as a result of the cultivation techniques applied in California, both due to the use of water and the varieties used, which require cross-pollination. However, the kg of grain produced in California are much higher than those produced in Spain. With practically the same productive hectares, Spain produces between 5%-6% of what Californian productive hectares produce. And I say productive, because in California almond trees continue to be planted and are being planted, using the techniques they have learned from other producing countries such as Spain.

The great work done so far in our country should not stop here. We are at the beginning of change. Research centers, nurseries, farmers, machinery manufacturers, advisers, trainers, cooperatives, industrialists, we are all on the move. Nobody could imagine 10 years ago that we could produce what we produce today. We must continue advancing in this line, but we must not forget that it is also very important to advance in marketing.

Until now we have dedicated ourselves to defending our almond from the American almond with arguments of organoleptic quality, as it cannot be otherwise. But, who hasn't eaten a bitter almond at some time in their life? Commercially, this variable is unsustainable and, even more so, when we defend our product as the best and therefore try to offer it more expensive.

We have great potential for growth and we must take advantage of the opportunity presented to us, learning from our mistakes. All of us who participate in one way or another in this market know what the mistakes are. It is up to us to solve them and continue growing.

Source: Olint agromillora:

Algeria estimates to be one of the largest producers of olive oil

The geographical location of Algeria gives it one of the most favorable climates for olive cultivation. This is stated by Samir Gani, president of the Organizing Committee of the National Competition for the best Algerian EVOO Apuleius and director of the international olive fair S.I.O. Med Mag Oliva Argelia, in the Juan Vilar bulletin.

The olive sector is an important link in the Algerian economy, heritage and culture, and is very present in the Algerian diet that saves the country from importing 120,000 tons of olive oil and 300,000 tons of table olives.

The economic crisis and the fall in oil prices have led the Algerian authorities to opt for a change in their policy and bet on olive growing capable of generating a surplus that will be destined for export, Gani explains to Vilar. Hence the appearance of new olive farms and new territories where olive cultivation did not exist before, such as in the Sahara and in the highlands that are arid and semi-arid zones.

This country has gone from 190,000 to 500,000 hectares of olive groves in less than 20 years, made up of some 160 native olive groves introduced from other Mediterranean countries, with more than 70 native varieties, of which 36 have already been approved.


The future of the olive sector in Algeria, Gani describes as very promising, since he highlights that they have a great margin of development that, from his point of view, will allow them to be among the three largest producers in the world.

Regarding the export, they expect an excess of production in the future. Promoting greater consumption at the local level is their priority, but it will not be enough. To this end, work is being done on optimizing performance, improving quality, creating consortiums; in addition to other actions, such as cleaning up the business environment in Algeria, which will open the door to investment and partnership with foreign operators in a spirit of mutual benefit, Gani points out.


The average consumption of olive oil in Algeria is 2.5 liters per inhabitant per year, with peaks in some regions, such as Kabylia, reaching 15 liters / person / year. Likewise, this average consumption is expected to increase in the coming years, since sales prices, which, according to the president of the Organizing Committee, Apuleio, are not affordable for the consumer, begin to fall and consumers are increasingly aware of the benefits of olive oil for your health.

He also adds that supply, which is beginning to exceed demand, is putting pressure on producers to reduce their profit margins.

It also highlights the country's commitment to improving the quality of Argentine olive oil, through awareness campaigns by the specialized international organization, a national contest for the best EVOO, scientific conferences, training in tasting and sensory analysis, which has led to a gradual but radical change in trend, of consumers committed to the demand for quality, that is, for EVOO.


Almond cultivation continues to grow in Extremadura

The area dedicated to almonds continues to grow in Extremadura, which is why the trend of recent years is maintained, thanks to its greater profitability compared to other crops.

The president of COAG Extremadura, Juan Moreno, explained that the total area has grown by one percent this year, reaching 7,600 hectares. This circumstance means that the surface has increased in the last five years more than six percent, he specified.

If the productive area is taken into account, for the first time Extremadura has exceeded 5,000 hectares, reaching 5,420 hectares, and with a production forecast of some 5,400 tons of almond kernels.

This growth is due to the better prices of the almond tree in recent years compared to other crops, and to "its not excessive costs", which guarantees profitability, said Moreno.

However, in recent weeks the almond tree has faced a downward trend in prices, which has not harmed, according to Moreno, the expectations placed on the crop due to the high productivity of the crops.

Moreno explained that, in relation to prices, what happens in California (United States) is very relevant, one of the main producers, which will announce its production in the coming days.

The regional president of COAG warned of the situation that many agricultural sectors in Extremadura may experience due to circumstances such as low prices or the situation of falling consumption generated by the coronavirus crisis.

Examples of key sectors, such as olive groves or vineyards, for which state and regional support measures have been "almost non-existent".

In the latter case, he lamented the absence of support from the central government "aimed at the wine sector", as well as aid for the restructuring and conversion of vineyards, where losses are also expected.


Decrease in exports to Russia of wine, pasta, olive oil, coffee and truffles

The export to Russia was drastically reduced after the signing by Russia of decree 778 on August 7, 2014 that stops the import of various food products from various food products from the EU, the United States, Canada, Norway and Australia. Due to the latest EU sanctions applied to Russia, Italy has a significant and growing concern about exports.

Wine, pasta, olive oil, coffee and truffles are the most worrying products, which in 2021 represented 670 million euros of exports.